Phytochemical and Phytotherapeutic Properties of Celosia species- A Review
Vanitha Varadharaj*, Jayalakshmi Muniyappan
Vels university, Department of biochemistry, Velan nagar, p.v. vaithiyalingam road, pallavaram, chennai – 600 117, Tamil nadu, India
Received: 20th Jan, 17; Revised 28th May, 17, Accepted: 15th June, 17; Available Online:25th June, 2017
Medicinal plants have been used basically in all cultures as a source of medicine. Medicinal plants play an important role in public health, especially in developed and developing countries and leads to examination for therapeutic and pharmacological applications. Medicinal Plants have been used for thousands of years to flavor and conserve food, to treat different health issues and to prevent diseases including epidemics. Active compounds produced during secondary metabolism are usually posses the biological properties of plant species used throughout the globe for various purposes, including treatment of infectious diseases. Based on the medicinal values, the Celosia species has been chosen for this study. Celosia species plays an important role in traditional medicine to cure several disorders such as fever, diarrohea, mouth sores, itching, wounds, jaundice, gonorrhea, and inflammation. A variety of phytoconstituents are isolated from the Celosia species which includes triterpenoids, saponins, alkaloids, phenols, tannins, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, steroids, phytosterols, and phlobatannins. The plant having potential pharmacological values screened for its various pharmacological activities, namely, anti-inflammatory, immune-stimulating, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, wound healing, antidiabetic, antinociceptive effect and antibacterial activities which are reported in the extracts of different parts of the plant. The objective of this study was to provide an overview of the ecology, phytoconstituents, pharmacology of Celosia species and to confess their therapeutic potentials and secure an evidence base for further research works on Celosia.
Keywords: Medicinal plants, Celosia, Phytoconstituents, Pharmacological applications.