Development of Quality Control Parameters for Standardization of Cyperus scariosus R.Br. Roots
Nidhi Sharma, Sumitra Singh*, Shailendra Kumar Singh
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Accredited by NBA), Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar-125001 (Haryana), India
Received: 9th March, 17; Revised and Accepted: 15th June, 17; Available Online:25th June, 2017
Cyperus scariosus R.Br. (Family: Cyperaceae) is perennial and delicate slender sedge found wildly in damp or marshy areas. The present study was undertaken for the development of quality control parameters of Cyperus scariosus R.Br. roots. The study includes determination of various standardization parameters like morphological characters, microscopic studies, histochemical detection and physicochemical evaluation of Cyperus scariosus R.Br. roots. The morphological studies exhibited the organoleptic and surface characteristics of the roots. The microscopic study showed the presence of various characteristic features of roots like cortex, lignified endodermis, pericycle, scalariform xylem vessels, tracheids and phloem. Physicochemical constants such as moisture content, ash values, extractive values, swelling index and foaming index were established. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of root extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinone glycosides, phenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids and terpenoids. These pharmacognostic features established in this study would helpful for the establishment of pharmacopoeial standards to facilitate quality control and correct identification of Cyperus scariosus R.Br. roots, also to minimize adulteration and substitution.
Keywords: Cyperus scariosus, Pharmacognostical, phytochemical, physicochemical.