A Study of the Physico-Chemical and Phytochemical Parameters of Leaves of Mallotus rhamnifolius
Loganathan V1, Devi Kaniakumari M2*, Selvakumar P1
1Department of Chemistry, Periyar University, Salem, India
2Deparatment of Chemistry, Quaid-E-Millath Govt. College for woman, Chennai, India
Received: 5th April, 17; Revised: 23rd May, 17; Accepted: 15th June, 17; Available Online:25th June, 2017
India being a rich and varied collection of medicinal plants since the Vedic age. The present study deals with the phytochemical screening of Mallotus rhamnifolius leaves of extraction belonging to family Euphorbiaceae. This study includes preparedness of different extracts by successive solvent extraction of varying polarity of Petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and Ethanol: water (95:5) extracts for detailed analysis. Phytochemical screening determinate by some chemical tests study was carried out for different solvent extracts. Phytochemical screening reflects existence of alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, phenolic compounds, tannins, phytosterols, carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, flavanoids, quinones and terpenoids which may be responsible for their therapeutic effects. Different physicochemical parameters such as Loss on drying, Total ash, Acid insoluble ash and Water soluble ash were carried out as per WHO recommended physicochemical determinations and authentic phytochemical procedures. The results obtained in present study indicated Mallotus rhamnifolius leaves as a rich source of medicinally compounds and provides evidences that solvent extracts of Mallotus rhamnifolius contains medicinally important bioactive compounds and this justifies the use of plant species as medicine for treatment of various diseases.
Keywords: Mallotus rhamnifolius, Physicochemical parameters, Phytochemical screening.