Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica
Urticaceae) ecologically benign, grow as a weed plant widespread in the world, predominantly in wasteland areas with characteristically unpleasant stinging hairs on the stems and leaves is characterized by important economical potentials. This perennial plant grows to between 1-3 m tall with dark green leaves in an opposite pattern that are oval to heart shaped and saw-toothed and are sparsely covered with stinging hairs. Leaves are simple (i.e., lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets), opposite, coarsely toothed and there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower i.e., the flower is radially symmetrical, lamina is 1.5-20 cm long and 0.6-12 cm broad. Propagation of nettle can either take place by seed or vegetative by divisions. The compounds responsible for burning sensation properties of leave’s trichomes are acetylcholine, histamine, serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) and formic acid. The high nutritive values caused stinging nettle leaves to be included in the human consumption, as a tonic for strengthening the body, in the preparation of soups and various dishes and as a natural source of food favouring. This herb, which is known for its therapeutic and healing properties also has several side effects such as affects blood regularity, lowers the blood pressure level, insomnia and drowsiness, stomach discomfort, severe allergic reactions etc. Therefore, the present studies revealed that the plant has wild adaptability with effective pharmacological action and has proven its potential for future research for several biological potential.